Republic Act 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 is a landmark law in the field of environmental protection. It was signed into law on January 26, 2001, and its implementing rules and regulations were adopted on December 20, 2001. The law provides for a comprehensive approach to solid waste management. This covers the generation, storage, collection, transfer, transport, processing, and disposal of solid waste.

RA 9003 mandates the establishment of Solid Waste Management Boards (SWMB) in LGUs. It also enumerates prohibited acts and sets penalties for such. Get to know the duties of SWMBs as well as prohibited acts and penalties through this article.


01 Develop a City/Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan that shall ensure long-term solid waste management. The board shall consult various sectors and integrate the solid waste management plans of barangays in its area of jurisdiction.

The National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) approved on December 2018 the 10-year Solid Waste Management Plan (SWMP) of Iloilo province. The commission also approved the plans of the towns of Bingawan, Dumangas, Laganes, and Oton. With this, 28 of the province’s 43 LGUs now have approved SWMPs.

02 Adopt measures to promote solid waste management programs in component barangays and ensure that these are doable and effectively implemented.

03 Monitor the implementation of the solid waste management plan through the barangays and in cooperation with the private sector and NGOs.

Last year, village leaders from at least 20 barangays in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan attended a series of ecological solid waste management training sessions. The foreign- funded training was facilitated by a non- government organization in line with the local government’s solid waste management program.

04 Adopt specific revenue-generating measures to promote the viability of their solid waste management plan.

05 Convene regular meetings to plan and coordinate the implementation of the solid waste management plans of the component barangays.

Barangay-based composting and recycling schemes run by individual entrepreneurs, cooperatives, and NGOs have turned into profitable endeavors in Cebu City. These were established with technical and financial assistance from the city government.



In Alaminos, Pangasinan, the “No Segregation, No Collection” policy has made it easier for waste pickers to recover recyclables and plastics. The plastics they recover are cleaner, and it is easier for them to sell these items back.

06 Review the solid waste management plan every two years or as the need arises to keep up with developments in the field of solid waste management.

07 Recommend to appropriate local officials specific measures regarding the collection, transfer, storage, processing, recycling, or disposal of solid waste.

08 Recommend measures and safeguards against pollution and for the preservation of the natural ecosystem.



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